LabMeeting - Guest Talk by Matthias Scharinger (MPI Aesthetics) "Predictions and omissions during sentence processing: Neurobiological evidence for interacting effects"

Sentences provide contexts that allow for top-down predictions. These predictions may modulate earlier processing steps, but may also counter-act possible signal degradations. In a series of two experiment, I show how speech sound omissions within sentence-contexts interact with the predictiveness of these contexts. The results of these studies shed new light on the way humans understand and perceive incomplete speech, originating from either signal distortion (omissions and reductions during conversational speech) or intentional, aesthetic modulations (ellipses).